Joel D Parker tweeted the following survivor’s account:
Unfortunately, this very clear message was translated by the Jewish community as a warning to leave, as the next time might not be non-violent. About 6,000 out of 10,000 Jews would leave in the coming months, and by 1954 there were virtually no Jews in Aleppo.
Abraham Elmaleh reports in Had HaMizrah, 12 November 1948:
“In the month of Kislev 5578, some time after the beginning of the sad events in Israel, terrible riots broke out among the Jews of Aleppo. And this famous Biblical Jewish settlement was completely destroyed. More than a hundred Jewish homes, five Jewish warehouses and shops, five Jewish schools, the Jewish youth club, the Jewish orphanage and more than ten synagogues were looted for their furniture and contents. One hundred and five thousand Torah scrolls together with their crowns and the silver and gold crowns on them, about four thousand prayer books, Talmud and commentaries, everything was burned and destroyed by Arab rioters.
“The greatest damage was caused to the ancient synagogue that was built about 1, 500 years ago, and it was set on fire. Thousands of researchers and scholars and famous Orientalists would turn to it to examine its precious collection of books and Torah scrolls. Among the precious old treasures destroyed by the rioters in Aleppo in this synagogue, we should especially mention the ancient Torah book known as “Keter” which is attributed to Ezra the scribe, and which was written in gold letters, whose price was estimated at thousands of pounds. (The Keter was actually recovered, although some of its pages were missing, smuggled out to Israel and is now in Jerusalem – ed) . The same Keter that was sent to Professor Kasuto from the Hebrew University so that he could copy original verses from it. Hundreds of Jewish students wander the streets without Torah, without education, because the governments of Syria and Lebanon confiscated the school buildings of the Alliance Israelite Universelle and other institutions to house hundreds of Arab refugees from Israel.
“Widows who responded to everything with charity have been turned into desolate poor, rolling on piles of leaves without covering for their skin and without a shred of shade over their heads. Hundreds of other Jews are now naked, thirsty, and barefoot, waiting for the mercy of heaven. These are the greatest blows inflicted on the heads of the Syrian Jews.”