Zvi Gabay, Jewish refugee rights advocate 1938 – 2018

Point of No Return is saddened to learn of the passing of Zvi Gabay, former Israel ambassador to Ireland and a dogged advocate for the rights of Jews from Arab lands. Gabay was born in Iraq in 1938 and made his career in the Israeli Foreign Ministry, travelling around the world. But the issue closest to his heart since his retirement was always the rights of Jewish refugees from Arab countries. 

He never failed to keep the issue alive in the Hebrew press, and some of his pieces were published in the English-speaking press, most recently this Jerusalem Post article on 77th anniversary of the Farhud pogrom in Iraq.

Zvi Gabay’s memoir, From Baghdad to the Pathways of Diplomacy, reflects modesty and restraint. Typically, his memoir understates his tireless advocacy in newspapers and fora for the rights of almost a million Jews driven from Arab lands. As a tribute to him we are reproducing Lyn Julius’s review:

“In his book he barely mentions the issue which
– apart from his love of Arabic poetry – has consumed much of his time
since his retirement.

Born in Baghdad in 1938, Zvi Gabay (brother of
the famous film actor Sasson Gabay) was just old enough to remember the
turmoil of 1947, when the Iraqi government tried to divert popular
attention away from domestic issues to the Jews. Iraq was among the
seven Arab countries that declared war against the new state of Israel.
Arrests of local Jews, executions and travel bans followed. The writing
on the wall was clear to Zvi: the Jewish community of Iraq was doomed.

Although he comes from a comfortable middle
class family, several frightening incidents stick in Zvi’s childhood
memory: Palestinian youths hurling stones at Zvi’s bicycle, for
instance. The hostility he encountered in Baghdad made Zvi loathe the
city and strengthened his determination to emigrate to Israel.

There was a two year stint at a ‘cold and
alienating’ kibbutz, night school, then military service in the IDF.
Expecting to be punished for playing without permission his passion,
tennis, in his lunch break, Zvi tells an amusing anecdote when the base
commander insisted, davka, on playing with him. It was ‘tennis under orders’.

His family having sought security in Israel,
then came a terrible twist of fate: his father was murdered in his Haifa
grocery store by a Christian Arab.

Zvi undertook intermittent higher studies and
embarked a long career in the Israeli Foreign Ministry which took him to
Ireland (where he served as ambassador) and Australasia. As a fluent
Arabic speaker he was one of the first diplomats to be assigned to the
Israeli embassy in Cairo. Much of the work was unglamorous: arranging
official visits, undertaking painstaking mediation behind-the-scenes for
the release of Israelis in Egyptian jails. His disappointment at the
cold peace which followed the 1979 Israel-Egypt Treaty is palpable. The
Egyptians he dealt with remained smiling and polite but ultimately
uninterested in advancing relations with Israel.


Zvi Gabay z”l: thoughtful and restrained

The most fascinating section of Zvi’s memoirs
relates to Egypt. He tells a hilarious story of Israelis stuck in a lift
‘with a mind of its own’. The repairmen’s stock answer was ‘patience,
patience.’ The doorman refused to help, convinced that the cries of the
trapped Israelis were the voices of jin (spirits). The firemen
arrived, put out an imaginary fire and left. Zvi and his friends had no
choice but to free their suffocating colleagues with their own hands, by
breaking a hole through the adjoining wall.

A suitable metaphor for the Israel-Egypt peace
treaty, perhaps: the Israelis make all the running, while the Egyptians
imagine Zionist conspiracies, pay lip service, and urge ‘patience’.


Articles by Zvi Gabay


  • I have just found this post about Zvi passing away. I lost track of Zvi many years but knew hime when he was Consul General in Sydney. I was Founding President of the Australia Israel Friendship Association and Zvi was a good friend and confidant. He always impressed me as a man of sincerity and genuine desire to foster positive relationships with all people. We would sit in his office and we would discuss a range of topics and imagine solutions. He was curious about our group of Christians wishing to be supportive of his country but we avoided overt politics. There were great meetings of our association: we tasted foods, enjoyed music,listened to fascinating talks and chatted about aspects of the only fully democratic country in the region. Zvi was a good friend and I am saddened to learn of his passing. He was a good man.

  • truly saddening. I first met Zvi Gabay while he was serving in a diplomatic post in the USA. As you say, he was modest and respectful towards others. Later on, I was with him at various public events here in Israel though we did not hold conversations but merely greeted each other. However, we did discuss some of his ideas about the theme of Jews in Arab lands and other matters at a large conference in Jerusalem which was addressed by British colonel, Richard Kemp, among others.

    צבי גבאי ז'ל – ברוך דיין אמת


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


This website is dedicated to preserving the memory of the near-extinct Jewish communities, of the Middle East and North Africa, documenting the stories of the Jewish refugees and their current struggle for recognition and restitution.

Point of No Return

Jewish Refugees from Arab and Muslim Countries

One-stop blog on the Middle East's
forgotten Jewish refugees - updated daily.