The Jewish refugee story must not be forgotten

Jewish organisations worldwide are preparing to mark  30 November, the day designated by the Israeli Knesset to remember the exodus of almost a million Jews from the Arab world and Iran. Lyn Julius recalls one Iraqi-Jewish girl’s trauma in the Times of Israel:

Jews executed in Baghdad in 1969 as ‘Zionist spies’: some were teenagers

Linda Hakim left Iraq for London in 1970. But she has never been able to shake off the fear she had felt growing up as a Jew.

She heard mobs in Baghdad, after Israel’s Six Day War victory, screaming ‘death to Israel, death to the Jews.” 

She escaped a lynch mob only when her fast-thinking headmaster bundled her and a group of Jewish students into his VW Beetle.

She will never forget the TV spectacle of nine
innocent Jews — some only teenagers — swinging from the gallows in
Baghdad’s main square in 1969 as hundreds of thousands sang and danced
under the bodies.

Even when her family had boarded the plane
bound for London having abandoned their home and possessions, they could
not let down their guard. The Iraqi police arrested a classmate of
Linda’s and escorted him off the plane. Even today, every time she sees a
police uniform, Linda’s heart races.

Linda found a haven in England, and her
children have grown up in freedom, tolerance and acceptance. But in its
obsession with Palestinian refugees, the world has never recognised the
trauma that a greater number of Jewish refugees from 10 Arab lands and
post-1979 Iran went through — human rights violations, wholesale
robbery, seizure of property, internment, even execution. The ethnic
cleansing of the Arab world’s Jews preceded the persecution of its
Christians, its Yazidis and others.

On 23 June 2014, the government of Israel
adopted a law to designate 30 November the annual national Day of
Commemoration for the 850,000 Jewish refugees who were displaced from
Arab countries and Iran in the 20th century. This year, Jewish
organisations, schools and Israeli embassies around the world will be
observing the Day — from San Francisco to Toronto, Liverpool to Geneva, 
Tel Aviv to Amsterdam, Lisbon to New York — with conferences, film
screenings, lectures.

The UK Association of Jews from the Middle
East and North Africa — Harif — was founded ten years ago in order to
remember the Middle East and North Africa’s Jewish history and heritage.

To mark ‘Jewish Refugee Day’ we in London are staging the UK premiere of the award-winning documentary  ‘Arab Movie’ by Eyal Sagui Bisawiat
1 pm on Sunday 29 November. Our official commemoration is on 30 
November at a central London synagogue and is being organised in
partnership with the S&P Sephardi community and the Israeli embassy.

Refugees like Linda and their descendants make
up more than half Israel’s Jews. To-date, their voices have been
muffled, their stories unheard, their rights trampled on.

The anti-Semitism they suffered in Arab lands is still with us today. It has morphed into religious jihad — whether in the stabbings on Israel’s streets or in an attack on a kosher supermarket in Paris.

The story of Jewish refugees like Linda has
been expunged from the history of the Middle East and North Africa. We
owe it to truth and justice not to let that story be forgotten.

Read article in full


  • Chava, the Mizrahi Jews were always a minority of the Jews as a whole – before WW2 they were just 10 percent. Although you are right that some died – hundreds – the Mizrahim still remained a minority but they became a majority of immigrants to Israel, which might give the impression that there are more Mizrahim around than there actually are.

  • Dear Lyn,

    First of all, thank you for this wonderful blog.

    Second, has anyone thought about how many Jews died trying to get out of the Arab countries, particularly after WWII? I have had a feeling for many years that many more Jews had been living there than has been thought until now. I think it would be best to say that ~850,000 (or whatever official number it is now) Jews made it out of the ME, and the numbers expelled could be much higher.

    It just seems so unbalanced that after WWII the Ashkenazim ended up with 12 million and the Mizrahim ended up with less than a million. I get the idea that the Arabs were more efficient at keeping our numbers (and us) down than the Christians were, but still, the discrepancy seems outsized, especially when we hear on the rare occasion that many Mizrahim had to walk across desert with nothing but a suitcase and the clothes on their backs, and quite a few didn't make it. Is there any way those who were kicked out and never made it to any destination could be counted? Do you think that eventually Jews might get access to the records in these countries, so that the comparison might be made?

    I know, it would be mighty hard work and your blog is about those who got to be refugees. But I thought I should ask, anyway.

    Just so you know, my heritage comes from both Mizrahim and Ashkenazim.

    All the very best!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


This website is dedicated to preserving the memory of the near-extinct Jewish communities, of the Middle East and North Africa, documenting the stories of the Jewish refugees and their current struggle for recognition and restitution.

Point of No Return

Jewish Refugees from Arab and Muslim Countries

One-stop blog on the Middle East's
forgotten Jewish refugees - updated daily.