Turkish Jews aren’t leaving en masse yet – they are adopting a wait-and-see attitude. But the community is caught between the rock of rising official antisemitism and the hard place of sky-rocketing assimilation. Perceptive article by Avi Lewis in The Times of Israel:
ISTANBUL — Gaining entry to Istanbul’s Bet Yisrael Synagogue can be quite an ordeal.
on an empty, nondescript street patrolled by armed guards, visitors are
required to pass through two bomb-vault doors and a metal detector,
weeks after presenting their passports for a security clearance.
Once inside, a handful of worshipers – mostly
aging – are spread out across the vacant seats as a young cantor hums
traditional Sephardic melodies.
The feeling of walking into a fortified cavern is augmented by the synagogue’s lack of windows.
Every seat is equipped with a helmet
underneath: “Just in case there’s an earthquake,” one congregant tells
me jokingly — a wry nod to the truck bombings, carried out by al-Qaeda
in 2003 outside this shul and Istanbul’s Neve Shalom Synagogue, that
killed 27 and injured 300. A conspicuous number of cameras — inside and
out – link to a security room on site.
After the Friday night prayers, all worshipers
remove their yarmulkes and replace them with baseball caps, or simply
leave the synagogue bare-headed.
Pouring out onto the street with the guards
grimacing nearby, the atmosphere seems relaxed and convivial. For a
moment, the balmy summer night exudes a whiff of Tel Aviv. But the crowd
quickly disperses, leaving the street as empty as before.
outbursts of anti-Semitic rhetoric and growing hostility toward Israel
under President Recep Tayyip Erdogan make the 15,000-strong community
increasingly uneasy, some Jewish leaders say they are just as concerned
over assimilation, intermarriage and emigration.
they remain adamant that Jewish life will persist here, regardless of
the growing intolerance and Islamization of Turkish society.
A spokesman for the Jewish community’s
official mouthpiece says Turkey’s Jews are dismayed by the uptick in
anti-Semitic speech and media articles, but still try, in their limited
capacity, to bring these issues to the attention of the public and
government to solve them via the legal system.
and rising hate speech (conspiracy theories, etc.) are issues for
Turkish Jews and we feel the threat,” a spokesman from Turk Musevi Cemaati,
the Turkish Jewish Community, says in an email. (Perhaps a case in
point: The group and others interviewed asked to review the article
ahead of publication before consenting to speak due to previous
The spokesman adds that the community’s leaders are lobbying the authorities to crack down on the phenomenon.
“We still believe in a future in Turkey,” he says.
Indeed, Turkey’s Jews aren’t leaving en masse —
yet. The emigration rate stands at an inconsequential 120 people per
year (0.8 percent), according the community umbrella group. And for
those who do mull an exit, the Jewish state is not always the primary
choice. The United States, Canada and Europe are also popular
destinations due to the education and economic opportunities they offer,
with one in every four Jewish students leaving to pursue higher
Israel still remains a cornerstone of the community, and Turkish Jews
feel more and more alienated as their support for the Jewish state is
questioned and denounced by an increasingly hostile society.