Tunisians recall wartime labour camps

Today is International Holocaust Memorial Day.

While the Holocaust overwhelmingly affected European Jews, let us not forget that Sephardi and Mizrahi Jews too would have been targeted for extermination had Rommel won the military campaign in North Africa.

Nevertheless, from November 1942 to May 1943, Jews in Tunisia came under direct Nazi rule.

This three- minute clip tells the stories of Shushan Cohen and Gad Shahar, who were among the 5,000 Jews sent to Labour camps.

Gad Shahar tells how as a 19-year-old he was shocked to hear the people of his neighbourhood cheer as the Jews were herded to the camps.

 Shushan Cohen remembers having to bed down in a horses’ stable full of dung. He recalls a few curses and other words in German. The

prisoners had to eat, drink and urinate from the same tin. Jews were singled out for such treatment.

 Dozens of Jews were shot to death in these camps. Some 40 were deported to European death camps and never returned.

Here is the list of Tunisian Jewish victims:

Tibi in the resistance of Sousse, deported to Europe, died

 Assous in resistance of Hodjeb El Ayoun, deported to Europe, died

 Mounier in resistance, died during mission

 Joseph Chemla deported to Buchenwald, died in Torgau

 Gilbert Chemla deported to Buchenwald, died in Torgau

 Jean Chemla deported to Buchenwald, died in Torgau

 Rousseau Ruhlmann deported, died

 Cohen-Hadria died in Auschwitz

 Raymond Samama died in Oranienbourg

Victor Nataf shot by the Nazis, as a spy for the Allies

 Serge Moatti deported to Auschwitz, came back

Victor Silvera deported to Auschwitz, came back

 Andre Assuied in Djebibina, died in forced labor camp

 Emile Hababou shot by a German guard, 1/23/1943, Bizerte camp

 Alfred Hababou shot by German guard, nicknamed “Grandma,” Bizerte

 Elie Saadoun shot by German guard, nicknamed “Grandma,” 2/9/43

 Victor Lellouche killed by soldier Walter, nicknamed “the killer”

 Simon Allali

Jacques Attal

 Ed. Bellaiche

Albert Boccara

Gilbert Cohen

 Joseph Cohen

Moise Cohen

Felix Ghidalia

G. M. Guedj

Joseph Haddad

Maurice Haddad

 Joseph Hassan

Lucien Naccache

 Ab. Sitbon

 Alfred Smadja

 Elie Taieb

Zerah
Andre

 Haddad
Maurice

Kalfon
Asher

 Gino Uzan

 Albert Slama

 Edmond Azria 2/16/43

 Chalom Guez 2/24/43

 Robert Amram 1.43

Jacques Cohen 4.43

 Joseph Chelly

Gilbert Mordechai Mazouz, shot on a long march 9.12.1942

 Roger Ktorza, rescued by Saada J. Saffar
>

(compiled from Sabille, Jacques. Les Juifs de Tunisie sous Vichy et l’Occupation. Paris: Edition du Centre de Documentation)

Acknowledge the Righteous (Robert Satloff in The Daily Star)

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