Maghreb Jews survived Holocaust too

 Libyan Jews who survived deportation to Bergen Belsen

After decades of suppression, it is becoming more acceptable to acknowledge that Jews in Arab countries suffered persecution, internment and even extermination. The stories of those who survived the Holocaust of World War 11 in North Africa are slowly coming to light, writes Eli Hazan in Israel Hayom. But is it enough?

For
most Israelis, the words “Holocaust,” “concentration camp” and
“extermination” refer solely to what happened to the Jews of Europe.

This was the general
perspective among academics too, until recently. A shift began a few
years ago, although only time will tell whether this will become
fundamental and slowly integrate new stories into the existing canon of
Holocaust literature.

The new stories cover
persecution, murder, extermination and the internment of Jews from
mostly North African countries during World War II. Author Yossi
Sucary’s recently released book, “Benghazi Bergen-Belsen,” a collection
of stories recounted by Jewish victims of Holocaust policy in Libya, is
an important compilation that joins the research and publications that
seek to completely change the fundamental way in which we remember the
Holocaust. Other examples of such literature include Robert Satloff’s
Among the Righteous: Lost Stories from the Holocaust’s Long Reach into
Arab Lands,”
and Martin Gilbert’s anthology, “In Ishmael’s House: A
History of the Jews in Muslim Lands,
” which covers several generations
of Jews living in the lands of Islam and devotes a significant chapter
to the hardships suffered by the Jews of North Africa during World War
II. 

This shift could be
added to a list of changes. Indeed, it took the state until its second
decade to pass a law legislating a remembrance day for Holocaust victims
and survivors. Unforgettably, during the state’s first few years of
existence, the Zionist founders, especially David Ben-Gurion, found
identification with the Holocaust problematic because it did not serve
the Zionist ethos they were seeking to promote. This was why Holocaust
survivors from Europe encountered a wall of silence, a wall which also
silenced their horrible stories — stories whose significance was only
minimally discovered by Israelis during the Kastner and Eichmann trials. 

Even so, during the
nearly six decades that followed, it was still not acceptable to mention
that labor camps were also built for the Jews of North Africa while
extermination and concentration camps in Europe were underway. Survivors
from these camps, Jews from Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, the
grandfathers and grandmothers of young Israelis, had to keep their
histories to themselves, resulting in the gradual, cross-generational
discovery of their pasts.

At first, Holocaust
survivors from Europe had to keep their suffering to themselves. Only
two decades later did their stories become acceptable and proper to
remember. Meanwhile, the survivors of camps in North Africa continued to
withhold their own secrets. Currently, in an increasingly pluralistic
country, the stories of these other survivors are also becoming
acceptable.

Read article in full

8 Comments

  • I am disturbed by this idea that Israel only discovered the Holocaust with the Kastner Trial and Eichman trial.
    It's a myth IMO, and it wouldn't surprise me if it was made up by some annoying left wing history professor.
    My Mother says that she clearly remembers the family welcoming her survivor aunt when she got to Israel after it's establishment. She grew up in the 1940's and 50's and remembers no ill feelings or suppression towards survivors. Perhaps the subject wasn't blazed on the media as much because the first 10 years of Israel's existance was spent trying to survive wars and tzena shortages.

    In any case, Kastner's trial only started less than 9 years after the state of Israel's independance.
    I'm ashkenzy BTW, but enjoy your blog.

    Reply
  • One of the most shrill opponents of recognition of Tunisian Jews as survivors was Tommy Lapid. I might have said that already – I am still shocked thinking about it – but I heard him say about them on TV that ""they" want to jump on the Holocaust bandwagon".
    Tunisian survivors finally received heir reparation money, too late for many of them.

    Reply
  • What I conclude is that we Jews are like feathers in the wind! Depending on every goodwilling country to save us.
    Therefore I stand by Israel and will always do that.
    sultana

    Reply
  • There were some Egyptian Jews in Germany before the war who got stuck there. However, the British let them be exchanged, with a number of Brit subjects, for German prisoners of the British, such as the Templars who had settled in Israel.

    Yet, haj amin el-husseini scolded the Germans for letting these Jews escape the death machine.

    Reply
  • Yes, the brothers were there waiting for the right moment. But can we say they are worse than the nazis?
    sultana

    Reply
  • It wasn't for at least some Egyptians wanting, though Sultana, as the Muslim Brotherhood were pretty active supporters of the Nazis.

    Reply
  • 111All things considered, Egypt was not so bad!
    We have to ackowledge that at least.
    No Egyptian Jews fed the Nazi torture chambers but let us also acknowledge the fact that we were under the British mandate and unlike Italy with the fat Mussolini did not deliver its Jews to the gas chambers!
    sultana

    Reply

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This website is dedicated to preserving the memory of the near-extinct Jewish communities, of the Middle East and North Africa, documenting the stories of the Jewish refugees and their current struggle for recognition and restitution.

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