There were two Moroccans and one Tunisian…. no, this is not the start of a joke, but how the the Shas Sephardi orthodox party leadership was recently introduced to the press. Dan Laor writing in Haaretz finds it outrageous that politicians should still identify themselves by their ethnic origins – especially since integration in the melting pot, despite attempts to vilify it, has been one of Israel’s great success stories.
Background: An ark in a synagogue covered by an embroidered velvet curtain.
Foreground: Three Shas party bigwigs – Interior Minister Eli Yishai,
Aryeh Deri and Housing Minister Ariel Atias – wearing suits and ties,
after signing a power-sharing agreement under the guidance of Rabbi
Ovadia Yosef to determine party leadership. In a moment of
good-heartedness, the three men get up from their seats, shake each
other’s hands, and smile broadly as Atias introduces them to the press,
in what appeared to be a moment of light-hearted amusement, as “two
Moroccans and a Tunisian.”
So an Israeli government minister and senior party politician
identifies himself and his colleagues in terms of their ethnic origin:
This one is Moroccan and that one is Tunisian. Could it be true?
What if Labor Party leader Shelly Yacimovich, when introducing party
primary contenders Itzik Shmuli and Miki Rosenthal, felt the need to
specify their ethnicity or if Kadima party chairman Shaul Mofaz, when he
conveyed hope that former Israeli military chief-of-staff Gabi
Ashkenazi would join Kadima, did the same? What if Yesh Atid party head
Yair Lapid, at the moment he uttered the name of new party candidate
Jacob Perry, singled him out by his ethnic heritage?
Almost 65 years after the establishment of the State of Israel, Jews of
Middle Eastern origins, known as Mizrahim, are an integral part of
Israeli society. They’re well represented in the Knesset, government
ministries, the rest of the public sector, the IDF and all the other
parts of the government. The presence of the Mizrahim is felt even more
in the education system and the cultural establishment – among teachers,
actors, filmmakers, artists and writers. Mizrahi music has already been
a part of mainstream Israeli music for some time now. It almost goes
without saying that intra-communal marriage between Jewish Israelis is
an unremarkable occurrence.
True, statistics show that not everything is rosy. There are still
areas with social gaps and inequality. We must continue to be vigilant,
in some cases even considering affirmative action policies.
Nevertheless, there is no doubt that the same melting pot that has been
vilified is actually a great success story, more than we are willing to
admit. Jewish-Israeli society became an open society that assimilates
newcomers in numbers and to a degree that are quite exceptional compared
to other immigration-based societies around the world. Recognition of
the need to preserve cultural pluralism in Israel has strengthened – a
sign of the tolerance, persistence and desire to build a shared life.
And here comes Atias to remind us that, excuse us, he is a Tunisian and
his colleagues are Moroccans. In an instant the bogeyman of ethnic
identity politics has woken from his slumber. Not, God forbid, from
someone who would seek to harm the status of Mizrahim, but rather from
someone who thinks of himself as their authentic representative. And
this occurs just as the Zionist enterprise clearly moves in the
direction of integration, as Israel’s founding father David Ben-Gurion
Two Moroccans and a Tunisian agree the Shas party leadership, as featured on Israel’s Channel 1 (with thanks: Noam)