Egyptian casserole of affliction for Pesah

(Photo: Adam Esrig)

The Jews of Egypt may have all but disappeared, but the Jewish connection with Egypt lives on through food, writes Elizabeth Alpern. Here’s a traditional Egyptian-Jewish dish for the Pesah holiday using the ‘bread of affliction’, matza, from The Forward‘s blog, The Jew and Carrot.

Point of No Return wishes readers Hag sameah ve’moadim lesimha

At the start of 2011 the world watched as the Egyptian people overthrew longtime dictator Hosni Mubarak. It is not often that we can so easily honor the Haggadah’s instruction that “In every generation one must look upon himself as if he personally has come out of Egypt.”

The Jewish community of Egypt dates back to the time of the prophet Jeremiah (587 B.C.E.) and has a long and storied presence in the country. By the sixteenth century it consisted of Arabic-speaking, North African and Spanish Jewish immigrants. Today, that community has all but disappeared, but the Jewish connection with Egypt lives on through historical ties, the Haggadah and of course, food.

Mina (also spelled mayeena and meena) is a Sephardic matzo casserole commonly found on the Egyptian Jewish seder table. Derived conceptually from a layered pastry, mina can be served as a side dish or a main course, made to be meat or dairy, and is often stuffed with green vegetables such as leeks or spinach, symbolic of spring and new beginnings.

This recipe for mina comes from Emilie de Vidas Levy’s “Sephardic Cookery,” taught to the author’s mother in Egypt.

As we eat mina during Passover this year, let us honor and be inspired by the newly found freedom of modern day Egyptians.

This recipe and other creative thoughts on how to enrich your seder will appear in the Forward’s first Haggadah supplement in this week’s issue.

Leek Mina for Passover (Mina de Carne con Prassa)

Adapted from “Sephardic Cookery: Traditional Recipes for a Joyful Table,” by Emilie de Vidas Levy

Serves 8

8 matzo squares
2 pounds chopped beef, lightly browned
2 mashed potatoes
leeks, 5-6 stalks
6 eggs
1 teaspoon salt
oil for greasing pan
water for soaking matzo

1) Soak matzo squares in water until soft. Drain on paper towels and reserve. Trim leaks, cut into ringlets and wash thoroughly, using the white part and some of the green if fresh. Boil leeks for 14 minutes and drain.

2) Keep liquid for soup. Mix leeks with browned, chopped meat. Add mashed potatoes and salt. Beat 5 eggs and add to meat mixture.

3) Grease 12x9x2 inch baking pan with oil, or use a casserole dish, 8 inches in diameter. Cover the pan with half of the matzo squares. Spread the meat mixture over them and cover with a layer of the rest of the matzo. Beat remaining egg and pour over the top.

4) Bake in moderate oven at 375 degrees for one hour.

Variation: You may omit leeks and substitute 2 chopped onions and ½ cup chopped parsley which are added to the meat. Bake as above.

Re-printed with permission from Irma Lopes Cardozo of the Women’s Division of the Central Sephardic Jewish Community of America.

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  • you will be very disappointed, but being a kheiba in informatics, could not get the link. i tried and tried.
    Any suggestions

  • i confess i haven't for the simple reason that lots of my friends have borrowed my Los Muestros and it has not yet come back home. But i promise i will.
    My thanks to Moise Rahmani for inserting my article in his magazine
    Suzy Vidal: a former Jewish refugee from

  • thanks for talking about Mina. My mother Esther Vidal, was a marvellous cook and especially of Mina. i've tried to imitate her but the taste is not the same.
    Also thanks for talking about us Egyptian Jews, we are dispersed all over the world. The worst part is when one of us leaves for a better world and you cannot fly to Brazil,Peru, Australia or other distant countries.
    Pessah Samea to all.
    Suzy Vidal a former refugee from Egypt!

  • Sounds lovely, I will try it!

    Happy Passover to you and all yours, Bataween.


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